About Joseph Greenberg
Terms in Greenburg (relevant to language typology)
Diachronic: looking at something (i.e., language) in respect to the passage of time
Synchronic: looking at something at a given moment in time.
See explanations here in regard to linguistics.
Ways to Categorize Languages:
Genetic (historical or diachronic)
Word order (Syntax)
Types of Nouns or Verbs or Prepositions/adpositions
Types of languages in relation to the number of morphemes in a word:
|Type||Morpheme to Word ratio||Examples|
|Isolating||a word is usually one morpheme||Chinese, English|
|Synthetic||there is usually more than one morpheme per word||German, Japanese|
|Polysynthetic||there are a large number of morphemes per word||Mohawk, Yup’ik Inuit|
Linguistic Typology Resources from the Association of Linguistic Typology (what did I say about geeks with specific interests?)
(includes a database of universals)